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Java Island cat: characteristics, character, nutrition and origin

Java Island cat: characteristics, character, nutrition and origin


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The Java Island Cat not only is it a fascinating feline but it also has a very adventurous and particular story to tell, it is not easy to spot a specimen from life and for this reason it is surrounded by an aura of mystery. Despite all this we still manage to tell that its appearance and its habits. So let's go and discover them, also investigating the two origins.

Java Island Cat: characteristics

There are some characteristics that make this cat special and completely recognizable among all other breeds, even to an inexperienced eye. Let's see what they are, in case we were lucky enough to see one. The most important one concerns the hair which can be of various colors: from yellow to silver gray, depending on the strain of origin. Its size is medium, so it also reaches i 7 Kg in adulthood even if some females weigh little more than 4 kg. The paws should also be carefully observed, to understand if we are dealing with a cat of this breed, they are in fact partially webbed. That's right, you got it right.

Not surprisingly, the paws of the cat, also called the fisher cat, are perfect for giving paws on the surface of the water and creating ripples that imitate the fall of insects. Why does he do this? To attract fish and then catch and eat them. A similar attitude is not found in other breeds and it is a habit that this cat has always had.

Java Island Cat: character

Active, very active, this animal lives outside and it would never be possible to make it feel comfortable in a domestic environment. In nature, where most of the specimens of this breed live, he spends his entire days walking around, climbing trees or wandering among the trunks in search of prey or fun, So let's not expect a cuddly or affectionate cat, it has a wild character and does not like the company of man, spend a solitary life and is perfectly autonomous, And it cares a lot about its independence, it does not "sell" itself for some croquette like many other cats of other breeds would do

Java Island Cat: nutrition

Used to hunting and foraging for food alone, the Java Island Cat prefers a protein-based diet, much more carnivorous than others. Therefore, if we find ourselves having to feed a specimen of this breed, we must organize ourselves to ensure that its diet is rich in protein foods, especially meat. This "rule" applies whether it is pre-packaged food or portions cooked at home, from fresh meat.

For the rest we are dealing with an animal that does not require special attention, we can give it a bath every now and then, but not so much for hygiene, but for its passion for water. Some information on its reproduction cycle is also useful. The gestation period of the Java Island Cat it can be 60 - 70 days, then 2 to 4 puppies can be born.

Java Island Cat: origins and history

Originally from Southern areas East Asia and the Indian subcontinent, this cat still lives almost only in those areas where it is most widespread. We also find it called the fisher cat, due to its habit of fishing with its paws, or leopard, because it sports a coat that has nothing to envy to that characteristic of the aforementioned feline.

Today it is not easy to spot a specimen of this breed and no one has been able to do it for several years.

A team of scientists has launched a mission to find some specimens of viverrino cat, or fisherman cat (Prionailurus viverrinus) of Java, a very rare subspecies that lives only in the last forests of the Indonesian island is that it is considered very close to extinction. In 2008, the International Union for Conservation of Nature classified this breed as an endangered species, the Javar subspecies is even considered critically endangered.

There is little time for ascertained extinction. We are facing the rarest cat in the world, according to some experts, provided that there are still living specimens. The sightings that have been declared are very fast and not very recent, however, his footsteps are quite distinguishable. Those who have studied this breed for years say they show the sign of the claws because they are semi-disappearing, which practically does not happen in any other breed.

Another complication is linked to the fact that the cat of the island of Java it can also be confused with the more common leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) currently found throughout South and Southeast Asia, including Java. The two animals share the habitat and leave footprints that are not the same but similar.

If you are wondering why our fishing cat is in danger of disappearing, it is due to the damage to its habitat that have been recorded. Already since the early 90s, many of the wetlands and coastal mangroves where it lives have been drained and cleared to make room for fields to cultivate and land on which to build.

You might also be interested in my article on American Shorthair cat.

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