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Spinach, cultivationin the garden or in pots. All instructions forgrow spinach, from sowing to harvest. Cultural needs and care.
Thespinachthey are a very popular vegetable in winter but also in spring! They grow fast, so within two months they are ready for harvest.
Thespinachit is an annual herbaceous plant belonging to the Chenopodiaceae family, the same as chard. Its botanical name isSpinacia oleraceaand, of this species, there are a great number of varieties. Among the most popular varieties we remember theMatador, early spring.
Spinach: cultivation and care
Thespinachneed a light soil. If your garden has a clayey substrate, you will need to carry out some preliminary work.
In the case of clayey soil: prepare the seedbed with a deep dig by incorporating sand into the plot for spinach. This operation will also have its benefits for subsequent crops.
Thespinach plantsneed constant irrigation. The clayey soil is the enemy of spinach because it fears water stagnation. For winter spinach, the rains should provide the irrigation alone. For spring spinach, you'll need to take care of it yourself, especially when temperatures rise above 20 ° C. Remember that the availability of water greatly affects the growth of the plant!
In the garden, spinach does not need any detailsfertilizations. Continue with fertilization (pre-sowing) only if the soil in your garden is very poor. Always at the time of deep digging, bury some mature manure.
If you've fertilized with manure, you can embrace classic peasant crop rotations after spinach cultivation. On the plot of land where you have grown spinach, you can then host courgettes, pumpkins, tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers and aubergines.
Growing spinach in pots
For the cultivation ofpotted spinachyou should organize yourself with rather deep planters. Pot size may differ based on the variety. Generally, to have potted spinach plants that are vigorous and optimally growing, you should make sure that each plant has 30 cm of space around it.
To understand how to choose the right pot size, based on the variety, read the next paragraph dedicated to sowing.
For thegrowing spinach in pots, choose a light, well-drained, deep and well-ventilated soil. Better if with a good dose of organic matter.
Theregrowing spinach in potsit is more suitable for harvesting spinach with tender leaves, excellent for salads, or for the “baby” varieties.
How to sow spinach
Theresowing spinachit can take place both in broadcasting and in rows.
How to broadcast spinach. You will need to take care to thin out the plants. Don't worry, the plants you are going to eradicate with thinning can be used in the kitchen for the preparation of salads or omelettes. Contrary to other circumstances, at the time of thinning, the more developed spinach plants are uprooted, appreciated in the kitchen for their very tender leaves.
How to sow spinach in rows. The rows should be spaced about 30 cm from each other. The distance between the plants must take into account the leaf growth, so it depends on the variety. Spinach should be grown at a distance that must be equal to the height reached by the plant. If in doubt, look at the back of the spinach seed package, this will certainly be indicated.
Spinach seeds should not be deeply buried: just cover the seeds with an inch of soft soil.
There spinach harvestoccurs in a scalar way. As the plants that have reached optimal development are eliminated and / or the outer leaves of the largest and most consistent rosettes are collected.
Harvesting the individual leaves is strongly recommended especially if you have decided togrowing potted spinach. In this way, the plant has the opportunity to develop smaller leaves and originate others.
Freshly picked spinach from the personal garden of Massimiliano Sangalli, a dear parkrunner friend
If you collect the whole plant, do it with a knife, cutting off (to a depth of two centimeters) the rosette of leaves. Also in this way, the plant will be able to regenerate by emitting new leaves.
Therespinach harvestit must be done on a completely dry day and when the plant and soil are not wet.
If you have noticed the leaves that are too large and fibrous, do not throw them away ... With a good mixer you can prepare an excellent cream of spinach.