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Vanuatu is one of the countries in the world that is most directly faced by climate change due to the rise in sea levels and temperatures. That is why it applies a very aggressive environmental policy.
It is a country in the South Pacific Ocean, made up of about 80 islands that extend for 1,300 km. and which is located 1,750 kilometers east of Australia.
Due to its immense beauty and tranquility, it has earned the title of "The Country of Happiness" among tourist destinations. But it is threatened by pollution and garbage and for them the authorities have been strict when taking measures such as banning plastic bags last year and now single-use cutlery and glasses.
The most striking of these measures is the ban on disposable diapers from December 1 of this year.
The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ralph Regenvanu, made this surprising decision known a few days ago at a press conference in Port Vila (capital of Vanuatu)
Regenvanu explained that an investigation showed that disposable diapers are the most common object in household waste in the Vanuatu capital. "Banning them will considerably reduce the amount of plastic waste," the official posted on his Twitter profile.
Diapers cannot be composted nor are they biodegradable, they are a real challenge for the environment due to the plastic and the chemical substances that make it up, added to the fact that they contain organic waste after use.
Disposable diapers are unsustainable
The raw material of disposable diapers is cellulose, which means that trees have to be cut down for their manufacture. It is estimated that they are necessary five trees per child.
Cellulose is the main component, but it also containshighly polluting petroleum products such as polypropylene, polyethylene, elastics, adhesives and plastics.
If we calculate that a baby uses an average of six diapers a day, this represents about 5,400 diapers throughout its first 30 months of life. This translates to more than a ton of waste per child. If we add up what all the babies in the country contaminate, it would be more than900,000 tons per year.
To that we must add the time it takes for the dirty diapers that we throw in the trash to decompose. There is talk of 200 yearsSome speak of 300, others of 100. In any case, it is a very long time.
Banning its use is a great decision for this country, returning to cloth diapers, in its modern versions, is an environmentally friendly option that we could implement.
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