The hygiene and cosmetics industry uses components with dubious consequences for our health. It is always advisable to read the labels of the products we buy, even if each letter is smaller.
Most common components of powders and conditioners
- Ammonium Lauryl Sulfate (ASL) and Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS) They are abrasive detergents responsible for producing foam in the shampoo. It impacts on our hair health because it eliminates the essential oils that are needed to maintain healthy hair.
- Sodium chloride. It is the well-known table salt and is used as a thickener in shampoos and conditioners that contain sodium lauryl sulfate. It can cause itching in addition to hair loss.
- Glycol polyethylene. Also called PEG / polyethylene polymer or Polyoxyethelyne, this ingredient is included in shampoos as a thickening agent. Removes natural moisture from hair and skin.
- Diethanolamine (DEA) and triethanolamine (TEA) They can cause irritation to the scalp and allergic reactions, it also destroys keratin, leaving hair dry, brittle and lifeless.
- Parabens They are used to extend the life of the product. They are chemical substances known for their toxic nature, not only irritate the skin, but affect the scalp and hormonal balance, resulting in hair loss.
- Formaldehyde. Excessive exposure to formaldehyde, found in some shampoos, can cause hair loss.
- Alcohol. Almost all hair products contain some degree of alcohol, which can dry out your hair in high concentrations.
- Synthetic fragrance or perfume. It is a combination of dozens of chemicals. Many fragrances are irritating and can cause the scalp to become irritated.
- Synthetic colors. Color pigments can cause skin sensitivity and scalp irritation.
- Propylene Glycol Glycol. Also known as the antifreeze that is used in vehicles, it is a common ingredient in shampoos and other personal care products to prevent the product from freezing during transport and storage. It can irritate the skin, causing allergic reactions, and altering the structure of the skin.
- Lanolin, petroleum and mineral oil. These ingredients are widely used in ethnic hair oils and pomades and offer no real benefit. They overload the hair and prevent the natural oils produced by the scalp from being absorbed by the hair.
- Dimethicone It is a synthetic polymer and a form of silicone with two attached methyl groups (hence the name di-methicone). It is used in hair products and acts as an additive softener for the skin, since its main function is to seal the surfaces so that moisture does not enter.
Tips to protect hair
1. Look for shampoos that do not contain ammonium lauryl sulfate, sodium lauryl sulfate, or sodium lauryl ether sulfate.
2. Look for shampoos that use a milder form, such as sodium lauryl sulfoaccetate and sodium lauryl sulfosuccinate. These shampoos may not lather as much as shampoos that contain SLS or SLES, but they can efficiently cleanse the hair and scalp without over damaging your hair.
3. Look for a conditioner that does not contain dimethicone.
4. One of the best alternatives is to find a conditioner that uses 18-methyleicosanoic acid (18-MEA). This is one of the natural lipids that hair and its coverage reject. When hair grows, 18-MEA is incorporated into our hair and acts as a natural sealer that helps balance the moisture in the hair, increasing the integrity of the hair fiber, and makes the shine natural.
The solid shampoo alternative
Solid shampoo is for all hair types. It is free of sulfates, silicones, parabens, petroleum derivatives, preservatives. It is vegan friendly and cruelty free.
Its application is similar to conventional shampoo. It can be applied directly to wet hair and begin to massage the scalp or rub it in the hands beforehand.