In the management of waste from electrical and electronic equipment, the influence of recycling in business logistics is growing.
When a company in the public or private sector is overwhelmed with obsolete electronic waste along with other unproductive remains (excess inventory, returns for failures or defectives), it usually rents a warehouse for its confinement.
In this way, you will increase your expenses with the qualification of security personnel, administrative, equipment and fleet against fires, insurance and other requirements that the legislation in force mandates.
Did you solve the problem or costly postpone the final solution?
The unstoppable aging of things will return with the same question: what to do with these now aged components? proof that the least favorable option has been taken since the confinement does not generate benefits and multiplies the costs of conservation and final disposal.
A rational solution is provided by reverse logistics or recycling integrated into the product life cycle. It covers the collection / hoarding / disassembly and processing of used products (or any of their parts), to take advantage of their value as matter and concentrated energy.
By promoting its ecological recovery and proper disposal, it does not compromise the natural environment or affect the stock of non-renewable natural resources.
In the productive network, reverse logistics confers competitive advantages by converting the undesirable into inputs later acquired by the industry.
If it does not develop the specific area, it will be possible to act in association with certain groups specialized in productive use, aware of the routines of selective separation, classification and sale.
Electrical and electronic equipment (aes) are a complex mixture of toxic components associated with materials that are unable to degrade in the natural environment. They are rich in lead, mercury, nickel, cadmium, and dangerous chemicals like hexavalent chromium.
Converted into garbage, they are left on public roads, contributing to the appearance of garbage dumps or open sky incineration points where burned metals are obtained, a meager benefit.
Unlike the solid urban waste buried in sanitary landfills, (there is no place prepared to house electronic waste); This will lead to severe contamination of the environment, especially of surface or underground water, that is, its entry into the food cycle causing diseases of various kinds.
Recycling is the basis of a long-lasting import substitution policy, which requires continuous training and qualification of specialists and requires the delineation of an economic equation (costs / benefits) focused on the additional income from saving finite natural resources reasonable use of energy and that pollution rates do not worsen.
The glass (7k x monitor) is 100% recyclable aperpetuity; 1 kg ground replaces 1.2 kg of extractable raw materials from natural reserves, (sand, lime, mica, quartz, feldspar). The industry reuses 90% of glass and paper, thus extending their life cycle, reduces 63% of water, 50% of electricity tariff and greenhouse gas emissions, relevant data in the face of the continuous rise in input prices in the global context.
Building an average car requires 930k of various metals (each cpu delivers 8k of scrap). If the world population had a fiat 1500, iron reserves would have already been depleted.
A recycled soda can (each monitor has 80 grams of aluminum) saves enough energy to keep a TV on for 3 hours. Argentina imports copper from the world market while a recovered 15-inch monitor gives us 218 grams. of that metal.
In the case of repaired and recovered computer equipment, your regular donation makes it possible to strengthen corporate social responsibility programs when they are aimed at closing the technological gap.
There is a great community social capital inhabited by non-governmental organizations, cooperatives of urban reclaimers, environmental associations, etc., competent to intervene and improve through their daily practice in this process that creates value and employment.
The logistics that separate and recycle broadens and facilitates the horizon of sustainable business management, which seeks to minimize environmental impacts, improve profitability and / or minimize costs.
Source: Editorial Bulletin "El Sustentable" Zero Waste Center