Bhutan has a population of about 800,000 inhabitants and its premise is to protect the environment, being the only country in the world that absorbs three times more carbon dioxide than it produces.
The local authorities, to preserve nature and prevent the advance of climate change, took measures such as controlling the logging and importation of forests, limiting the volume of tourists and developing electric transport.
In 2020 they will be the first country to have organic farming by law. Biological methods will be implemented, eliminating synthetic chemicals and GMOs. It will be an agriculture that will take care of natural resources and produce food while taking care of nutritional quality.
Farmers in Bhutan will only use natural organic fertilizers from livestock.
The decision to convert its agriculture to a more respectful one for the environment is based on numerous studies that confirm that industrialized agriculture has a negative impact on the quality of fruits and vegetables, reducing nutritional value. In addition, it pollutes groundwater by abusing chemical nitrogen fertilizers.
To guarantee a high production of food without pesticides or herbicides and at the same time guarantee the biological quality of cultivated soils, the government of Bhutan is going to increase the extensions of irrigated land, as well as the modernization of infrastructures to promote the cultivation of native varieties of fruits and vegetables that are more resistant to the pests and climate of the country.
Ecological agriculture or agroecology, is a production method that, in addition to encouraging care for the environment, is a whole philosophy that offers indirect benefits on the quality of life of its practitioners. That is why it is intended to combat the recent problems of drought with sustainable agronomic methods, as well as to encourage farmers to stay on their land and not migrate to the city.
We hope that this first step is the beginning of a profound process of change that can be extended to other economies in the world that revalues the quality of natural and indigenous agriculture, against industrialized agriculture.