According to the World Bank, by 2050, it is estimated that climate change could force more than 140 million people to displace, forcing them to migrate within or outside their own countries in different regions of the world.
In the case of Central America, almost four million people will be forced to leave their homes and perhaps their country due to the rise in sea level and the decrease in agricultural production.
The countries of Central America and the Caribbean are among the most affected in the last decade, since their geographical location in relation to the sun makes them more vulnerable to adverse weather conditions. Its environmental situation is critical. The Dry Corridor of Central America is the name given to the territorial strip that runs from southern Mexico to Panama and is threatened by droughts of such magnitude that the available water does not meet the needs of the population.
Climate change also has the consequences of increasing poverty by reducing or altering agricultural production, and this, in turn, can generate violence. This means that Central Americans are forced to emigrate, mainly leaving the countryside to go to large cities, or to the United States.
The prognosis may improve
The World Bank reports that if the progress of global warming is kept within the limits set in the Paris Agreement, and people are helped to adapt, then the number of migrants in the African, Central American and Caribbean regions could be reduced to approximately 40 million people, out of the 140 expected at the current rate.
With information from: