Menopause is a subject that sooner or later begins to haunt our heads, it is important to know that no matter how scary it may give us some, it is as natural a stage in our life as adolescence.
A great change without a doubt, but the secret of facing this new stage is in the empowerment that we each make in making decisions and following the path that takes us through a pleasant and calm transit towards the new destination.
What is menopause?
From the physiological point of view, menopause corresponds to the interruption of the operation of the ovaries. It is a natural mechanism that occurs with age, generally around 50 years of age.
Normally, after puberty, the ovaries produce each month under the influence of brain hormones, several oocytes - these are the female gametes. During this cycle, the ovary also produces hormones, first estrogen and then progesterone. These hormones prepare the uterine lining to receive a future embryo in the event of fertilization. This fertilization occurs very rarely, the ovary stops producing hormones and the lining of the uterus partially destroys, which is the cause of the rules.
Over time, the egg stock is depleted and the ovaries no longer respond to stimulation by brain hormones, as there are not enough oocytes. Cycles become more and more irregular, the ovaries no longer produce hormones, there is no ovulation and menstruation stops. The term menopause means precisely to stop menstruation.
The absence of hormone production by the ovaries is the cause of most of the signs of menopause: hot flashes, vaginal dryness, night sweats, weight gain. Almost 80% of women feel real discomfort, but fortunately there are solutions.
A plant for every symptom
Hot flashes: black cohosh is one of the most effective plants in relieving hot flashes, since it reduces the levels of LH, a luteinizing hormone involved in the appearance of vasomotor reaction accompanied by tachycardia.
Anxiety, irritability and insomnia: the most popular plant for the treatment of these disorders is valerian, which improves states of anxiety, tension and insomnia. Although it is not toxic, it can potentiate the effect of some antihistamines, antiepileptics and barbiturates. California poppy and linden also improve anxiety and insomnia, but should be avoided during pregnancy.
Mild depression: numerous scientific studies support the efficacy of St. John's wort, also known as St. John's wort, in treating the symptoms of mild depression, such as depression and loss of interest. Among the adverse effects of this plant are phototoxicity and it can interact with other drugs, especially those used in the treatment of cancer and AIDS, anticoagulants and hormonal treatments. It should not be administered during pregnancy and lactation.
Cardiovascular disorders: the gugul or gugulon, a tree native to India and Pakistan, is indicated for the control of hyperlipidemia, hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia. In people with a propensity for intestinal disorders it can cause diarrhea and should be used with caution in the case of liver dysfunction, hyperthyroidism or diarrheal processes. On the other hand, witch hazel, a shrub similar to hazelnut, and the red vine help improve peripheral circulation and the characteristic symptoms of varicose processes.
Musculoskeletal pain: the anti-inflammatory and analgesic action of devil's claw, a herbaceous plant native to Africa, facilitates the relief of degenerative rheumatic conditions, arthritis, tendinitis and other pain, such as gout and lumbago. Consumption is not recommended in cases of gastric and duodenal ulcer, and during pregnancy and lactation.
Overweight: among the most effective plants to combat overweight are green tea and artichoke. Green tea favors the renal elimination of water and is an adjunct in the treatment of obesity. This plant does not present significant adverse effects, although its caffeine content is not recommended for use in people sensitive to this substance. The artichoke is indicated in non-ulcer dyspepsia, hepatobiliary dysfunctions, hyperlipidemias, treatment of overweight and special regimens.
Aging of the skin: evening primrose or primrose is effective in the treatment of skin disorders (atopic dermatitis), chronic inflammatory processes (rheumatoid arthritis) and prevents skin aging. In addition, it is commonly used to treat certain premenstrual symptoms, such as mastalgia or breast pain. It can interact with antiepileptic drugs and phenothiazines, used in the treatment of schizophrenia.
Salvia, the herb for menopause
It relieves hot flashes in women during menopause, and it would also have an effect on night sweats. In addition, the study specifies that this plant is very well tolerated. It can be used in the following ways:
- Dried leaves: 1 to 3 g infused for 5 to 10 minutes in 150 ml of boiling water, 3 times a day
- Tincture (1:10): 25 drops, 3 times a day
- Liquid extract (1: 1): 1 to 3 ml, 3 times a day
- Dry extract (5.5: 1): 180 to 360 mg, 3 times a day
Eye: Prolonged use of alcoholic extract or sage oil is not recommended, as it can be toxic to the nervous system and cause seizures. Therefore, this plant is not recommended for people with epilepsy and pregnant women.
With information from: