Three years ago. Today it is "on the verge of collapse" according to various environmental groups.
According to what was agreed in the French capital, developed countries have to contribute 100,000 million dollars annually from 2020 to the most disadvantaged nations to fight against climate change and mitigate its effects.
"There are a dozen countries, led by the position of the United States, that undermine the proposals to advance the key financing mechanisms" that they negotiated at the Conference on Climate Change that ended this Sunday in the Thai capital, he commented at a conference. press Rachel Kennerly, representative of Friends of the Earth.
The new round of talks on Climate Change concluded with uneven progress on most of the negotiating points that are to draw up the guidelines on how to implement the Paris Agreement. These standards are basic to progressing climate action around the world in a transparent way.
A step forward
Kennerly, urged the leading countries in the fight against climate change, especially those belonging to the European Union ”, to step forward and put aside“ the political ambitions ”of the United States.
The Bangkok meeting, where 1,400 delegates from more than 190 countries participated, was the last preparatory meeting before the Climate Summit (COP 24) that will take place in Katowice (Poland) in December.
The Indian Harjeet Singh, spokesman for ActionAid International, attributes the "crisis" to a "lack of confidence" between developed and developing nations about the use of funds committed under the Paris Agreement.
"We cannot allow Trump and lobbyists (in the fossil industries) to continue to break (the) Paris Agreement while (the United States) abandons the pact," said Jesse Bragg, of the US NGO Corportate Accountability.
Despite the fact that Washington announced in June 2017 the withdrawal of his country from the Paris Agreement, it will not be effective until November 2020.
Part of the agreed funds will be used to alleviate and mitigate the damage and consequences caused by extreme environmental disasters and finance adaptation to technological changes in the least favored countries.
"We hope that (developed) nations will realize that their actions are a clear denial of their responsibilities," said Lidy Nacpil, from the Philippines, of the Asian People’s Movement on Debt and Development.
Nacpil remarked that this message to governments can be “generated” from the work of local environmental associations.
"With or without multilateral agreements we must continue to press" to combat climate change and warned about the "urgent" situation of the negotiations before COP24.
It is "crucial" to apply "ambitious and transparent" measures to reach the Paris Agreement, which seeks to combat limiting the increase in world temperatures below 2 ºC and, if possible, reduce the increase to 1.5 ºC, the secretary stressed UNFCCC executive, Patricia Espinosa.
The most controversial points of debate were those related to transparency, the way and the periodicity with which countries have to communicate their measures, or how to achieve total clarity in relation to climate finance both in the short and long term.
The negotiations take place at a time when the world has witnessed extreme weather events such as floods or droughts that have led to deaths, loss of infrastructure and livelihoods in both developed and developing countries.
With information from: