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Aymara, Likanantai, Kawesqar and Mapuche organizations demand removal of “Trash Boat” from the X region

Aymara, Likanantai, Kawesqar and Mapuche organizations demand removal of “Trash Boat” from the X region

The initiative led by ASODEPLU, groups together organizations and indigenous peoples of the Aymara, Likan antai, Kawesqar and Mapuche peoples, who allege "the withdrawal of the Seikongen ship from Tenglo Island, and from any port in the X region, for violating Convention 169 of the ILO, as well as protecting the Mapuche communities of the Los Lagos and Los Ríos regions due to the transport and final disposal of 100 tons of hydrogen sulfide ”.

As "a necessary step", the plaintiffs of the "ORIGINARY ASSEMBLY FOR DECOLONIZATION AND PLURINATIONALITY", ASODEPLU, described the protection appeal that they presented in the Puerto Montt Court of Appeals, against the companies and authorities that have allowed The Wellboat Seikongen ship is on Tenglo Island, awaiting authorizations from the Maritime Government of Puerto Montt and the Health Department of the Los Lagos Region to call at a port in the region, and unload 100 tons of hydrogen sulfide then to be transported by 60 cistern trucks by road to a landfill. It is suspected that it could be the Las Lajas landfill in the Puerto Varas Commune, or the Rilesur Plant in Paillaco in the Los Ríos region.

For Asodeplu, this resource“It is based on the violation of express standards of ILO Convention 169. In the first place, the Seikongen is a refloated ship, and therefore fragile, that spent 9 months under water and continues to carry 100 tons of hydrogen sulfide and salmon waste. It was arranged for it to land on Tenglo Island to avoid a storm catastrophe. The fact is that it is located just 600 meters from the Lafken Pulén Indigenous Community (Hijos del Mar), made up of Mapuche artisanal fishermen, very close to ancestral fishing corrals dating back 5000 years. All this, that tremendous risk to local indigenous fishing, to the survival of the community ”.

Likewise, the leaders of Asodeplu indicate,"The discharge of the acid is being planned to eventually be disposed of at the Las Lajas Sanitary Landfill in Puerto Varas, a place to which it must be transported, passing just a 5-minute walk from the Huilliche Peñihue Raín Mapuche Community, endangering the lives of its members and their environment ”.

Asodeplu also sued in favor of three communities in Paillaco, since an announced alternative is the Rilesur Plant in that commune, despite the fact that it is authorized for “non-hazardous waste”, which is why Mapuche people are also put at risk. They live near the Rilesur Plant, like those where the hydrogen sulfide will be transported.

The plaintiffs wait “That the Puerto Montt Court immediately order that the ship leave Tenglo Island, since it is indigenous territory and no consultation process has been carried out to subject the affected community to such danger. The same occurs with the communities of Puerto Montt and Paillaco, due to the transport and final disposal of hydrogen sulfide without any current protection ”.

Asodeplu asserts that technical standards on unloading, transport and final disposal of dangerous substances are violated, but also express standards of ILO Convention 169, such as:

Article 4:

l. Thespecial measures that are needed to safeguard people, institutions, property, work, cultures and theenvironment of the peoples concerned.

2. Such special measures shall not be contrary to the wishes freely expressed by the peoples concerned.

Article 20:

3. The measures adopted must in particular guarantee that:

b) the workers belonging to these peoples are not subjected to working conditions dangerous to their health, in particular as a consequence of their exposure to pesticides or othertoxic substances;

Article 23:

1. Crafts, rural and community industries and traditional activities and activities related to the subsistence economy of the peoples concerned, such as hunting,Fishing, trapping and gathering should be recognized as important factors in maintaining their culture and in their economic self-sufficiency and development. With the participation of these peoples, and whenever appropriate, governments should ensure that such activities are strengthened and promoted.”.

The protection appeal was presented by Ariel León Bacián, Aymara-Quechua; Haydee Águila, President of the Kaweskar At Ap Community of Punta Arenas; Denis Quichel, Mapuche; Verónica del Carmen Henríquez Antimanqui, President of the Futa Trawun Association of Paillaco; Esteban Mauricio Araya Toroco, from the Likan Antai or Atacameño people, all the former members of the “ORIGINAL ASSEMBLY FOR DECOLONIZATION AND PLURINATIONALITY”, ASODEPLU; and also, the Kawesqar Community, Family Groups Nomads of the Sea, represented by its President Leticia Caro, Punta Arenas; and the Huilliche Peñihue Raín Mapuche Community, represented by its President Francisco Raín, Puerto Montt.

With information from:

Video: Salvaguardia del patrimonio cultural inmaterial de las comunidades Aymaras de Bolivia, Chile y Perú (October 2020).