Greenpeace called for "clean air now for the City of Buenos Aires" after conducting a study that measured air quality in 20 points in CABA near kindergartens, primary schools and pediatric hospitals.
According to the environmental organization, the results are alarming.
Two toxic components present in air pollution, mostly a product of emissions from the exhaust pipes of buses and trucks, were measured on different dates in more than five Buenos Aires neighborhoods. In all cases, the limits established by the World Health Organization (WHO) were exceeded. According to Greenpeace, both toxics, nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and Particulate Matter 2.5 (PM2.5) come from air pollution generated by the use of petroleum derivatives, such as diesel.
For Ingo Boltz, coordinator of Greenpeace's air pollution campaign, “the exposure received by those who travel these areas on a daily basis is worrying: 31% of all NO2 measurements violate the WHO limits and even worse is the case of PM2.5, a matter that we can consider poisonous due to its serious health effects and that in 72% of the measurements exceeded the limits. "
Likewise, the environmental organization points out that the air quality measurement system led by the Buenos Aires government is insufficient since it only has three measurement stations, while cities as large as CABA in Latin America have 10 or more. In turn, local measurements leave out pollutants such as PM 2.5 that pose a high risk to health.
The WHO establishes the limit of chronic exposure to PM2.5 of 10 µm / m3 annual average. However, during the study Greenpeace found values exceeding up to three times these parameters. Among the highest figures is the sample taken in the vicinity of Infant School No. 5, School District 2, where the President Miter Elementary School number 16 also operates in the Balvanera neighborhood, which reached an average of 35.6 µm / m3. On the other hand, the point near the Jardín Integral Nucleado C, where Primary School No. 1 also operates in the Recoleta neighborhood, reached 22.2 µm / m3 and the air measured next to the Dr. Elizalde Pediatric Hospital, former Casa Cuna , in the neighborhood of Constitución, it reached 18.04 µm / m3.
In the same way, Boltz stressed: “As long as public transport depends on the burning of fuels such as diesel, breathing in the city is a threat to everyone. WHO figures indicate that 7 million people die annually in the world from air pollution. The latest results of our study are alarming and we believe that they are indicators for the government to take the side of people's health, that is why from Greenpeace we are demanding clean air now. "
Among the harmful health effects of continuous inhalation of PM2.5 are respiratory diseases such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cancer, heart disease and cerebrovascular accidents (CVA).
CABA schools interested in measuring the quality of the air around them can contact Greenpeace at 0810-888-4733 and request their measurement kit to be part of a new research with citizen participation together with the Institute of Physical Chemistry of Materials, Environment and Energy (INQUIMAE) of the University of Buenos Aires.
Aurora Lugo. Tel: (54.9.11) 3226.2600
Florence Rodriguez. Tel: (54.9.11) 3761.2969
Marina Bello. Tel: (54.9.11) 5502.8636