Currently, recycling in Colombia applies only 17% of the waste generated. The government's goal is for this figure to rise to 50% by 2030.
The country continues to advance in the objective of reducing the use of plastic and moving towards a path of sustainable development, with "the purpose of promoting among Colombians the adoption of consumption patterns aimed at environmental sustainability," said the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development, who also hopesimprove the operating conditions of sanitary landfills and promote separation at the source, guaranteeing greater use or treatment of solid waste.
Although the measure has received criticism, the truth is that it has had a positive impact on reducing the consumption of these elements whose useful life is only a few minutes, but which take hundreds of years to degrade.
In the same sense goes the recent resolution of the Ministries of Housing and Environment, which establishes that as of January 1, 2019, all distributors must begin to deliver three-colored bags to customers who wish to purchase them voluntarily at payment points. : green, blue and gray, which include the following legends according to the type of color, like this:
—Green bag: "Deposit usable organic waste here."
—Blue bag: "Deposit usable waste such as plastic, glass, metals and multilayer here."
—Gray bag: "Deposit usable paper and cardboard waste here."
According to the norm, in the following years an increase in the distribution of colored bags must be guaranteed, a minimum of 2 percent over the total of bags distributed in the payment points of the immediately previous year, until reaching a minimum of 31 percent. hundred.
The measure has the objective of promoting among citizens the practice of separation at the source, and thus improve the operating conditions of sanitary landfills.
83 percent of the solid household waste that is generated goes to landfills and only 17 percent is recovered by recyclers for reincorporation into the production cycle. The challenge of the National Government is to ensure that by 2020 the country recycles 20 percent of its waste until it reaches 50 percent in 2030.
With information from: