A report entitled "Transnational Crime and the Developing World" published in 2017 by an American organization that investigates illicit financial flows, concluded that illegal logging is the crime against natural resources that generates the most profits in the world and the third The world's largest crime after mining and drug trafficking.
Profits from this transnational crime are estimated at between US $ 52 billion to US $ 157 billion a year globally, with the average in Latin America of US $ 387 million from the export of raw and sawn ileal wood. On the other hand, UNEP estimates that 30% of all the wood that is traded in the world is illegal, while in South America it reaches more than 75% both domestically and for export, it is not legal ”.
Illegal timber trafficking is a complex organized crime and has many crimes that follow each other like the growth rings of a tree, it is related to crimes such as deforestation, labor exploitation, trafficking and invasion of land, tax evasion, document falsification, state corruption and even the assassination of forest protection leaders.
The modalities and impacts of illegal timber trafficking are also present in Central America and the Caribbean and are related to cocaine trafficking according to the research "Spatio-temporal analysis of forest loss related to cocaine trafficking in Central America" published in the May 2017 by the scientific portal IOPscience.
How to wash wood
The formula to wash wood is by presenting false information, that is, in front of the forestry authority, lists of trees to be extracted are shown that do not exist in the real world, and the authorities authorize the extraction of wood that does not exist in the concession. explains in the investigation "The washing machine: How fraud and corruption in the concession system are destroying the future of Peru's forests" by EIA, published in 2012, regarding how the origin of illegal wood is concealed in Peru.
"Backed by these volumes, the corresponding permits are sold on the black market and used to launder illegally extracted timber from any other part of the country - protected areas, indigenous territories, other state lands," the study specified.
Access the PDF version and download it: Infographic: Illegal logging environmental crime on the rise.