Bees have been declared the most invaluable species on the planet during the EarthWatch debate at the Royal Geographical Society in London.
This conclusion is the result of a debate in which the idea was to choose the species without which it would be almost impossible to live in this world.
The characteristics for which they were chosen are:
- A quarter of a million species of flowering plants depend on bees, having a great effect on agriculture, as on many vegetables, including fruit trees, and other crops that we eat every day.
- Bees are the only ones that are free from any pathogens such as viruses, bacteria, fungi. According to the study of the Beekeeping Entrepreneurship Center of the U. Mayor (CeapiMayor) and the Apicultural Corporation of Chile (Cach) with the support of the Foundation for Agrarian Innovation (FIA)
- There are more than 20,000 species of bees around the world.
Everyone already knows the benefits for human health that bee products offer: honey, propolis, royal jelly, pollen ... but they have much more to offer. They fulfill an invaluable function in the natural chain that is pollination, without which life on the planet would definitely be impossible. The bee is the only insect that provides food for humans.
Bees and biodiversity
Biodiversity is the process of interaction between living beings and the planet, the relationship between them, and of course, the biological response of the environment towards species.
In this process, the bee has a vital function since world agriculture depends on 70% of these insects, said more clearly, 70 of every 100 products that we use to feed ourselves depend exclusively on bees. The balance is self-explanatory: without pollination plants could not reproduce and without plants fauna would also disappear and consequently humans.
Theories that explain his disappearance
One of the hypotheses that explains the massive disappearance of bees is mobile telephony. This definitive conclusion was affirmed by the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology after proving that the waves emitted during a conversation are capable of disorienting them until they lead them to death, by making them lose their sense of direction and with this their dynamics of life.
Through more than 83 experiments, the researcher and biologist Daniel Favre unequivocally demonstrated that in the presence of cellular communication, bees produce a noise ten times greater than usual and this behavior is what they use to warn the group that it is urgent to leave the hive causing the CCD phenomenon or "colony collapse problem".
The other, of course, is the use of pesticides in the fumigation of crops. These products contain chemicals that act like neutoxins and stick to insects when they suck on the flowers. Later they are transported to the hives where they contaminate the rest of the products that they process in common such as wax, propolis and various honeys with the fatal consequence of affecting the rest of the honeycomb including the queen bee without which the hive inevitably disappears. Also when these massive migrations occur, the young or larvae are abandoned and logically they also disappear.
It is very difficult for the scientific community to come up with solutions that can be implemented.
The technological infrastructure and current mentality would make it very difficult for people to give up living without the use of telecommunication towers or radio frequencies, as well as abandon the use of sprays even at the domestic level, so a late reaction is feared.
The international organization Greenpeace proposes the following urgent measures a priori:
- Research and monitoring of the health of bees.
- Immediately ban the use of toxic pesticides.
- Promote natural agricultural alternatives.
- Create a system of protected areas free of telecommunications.
Dr. David Susuki is of good reason to declare: “Daily news documents the slightest drop or rise in the stock market or the auction industry. However, we deliberately ignore the balance of nature's services such as the absorption of carbon dioxide and the release of oxygen; protection against erosion and pollination of fruits and seeds and without pollination all economic systems would collapse. A world without bees would be a world without people ”.