Corn and bean seeds that go from white to black used for consumption, or those of cucumber and pericón, which cure even nervous problems, are part of the agroecological projects of the indigenous and Guatemalan peasants to guarantee sovereignty and food security.
From north to south and from east to west, the peoples cultivate these products according to their culture not only to have food, but also to cure diseases.
A good thyme potion adds a new flavor to foods, but also cures nerve problems and stomach pain, while a pound of ground amaranth can make up to fifteen glasses of atoll to feed an entire family.
The smells and colors of countless seeds were mixed during an exhibition in the Plaza de la Constitución in the Guatemalan capital, which not only served to publicize the variety that “mother nature” produces, but also to reject transgenics.
Chamborote beans, larger than normal (black), come in a different color, from yellowish to red, and can last up to fifty years, as Emilio Maximiliano Gabriel Ramírez told Efe. Just one bush can produce up to 15 pounds and is grown among corn, he added.
Summoned by the National Network for the Defense of Food Sovereignty in Guatemala (Redsag), dozens of indigenous people and peasants took up positions in front of the Metropolitan Cathedral to display their seeds and their benefits.
At least 150 producers from the four regions of Guatemala gathered at the agroecology fair, which is held every year, as a proposal for peaceful resistance to demand that the State protect native seeds and that transgenics are not used, he explained. to Efe César Mendoza, spokesperson for the Redsag.
Seeds of coriander, chilacayote, apazote, white, yellow, black and red corn, black and white beans, rice, piloy and abano grandul were exhibited to the public.
Also seeds of the so-called “kidney”, similar to that organ; broad beans, amaranth, peas, chan, onion, chili and squash, tomato, hibiscus and chipilín were on display at the fair, while a sound system enlivened the atmosphere with notes of marimba.
There were also products such as mangoes, yucca, peaches and even soaps made with plants native to Guatemala.
A small bag of beans was priced at three quetzals (40 cents, about 0.33 euros), while a bag of salted corn was priced at five quetzals (67 cents, 0.55 euros).
Salpor, from the grass family, is a fairly large, soft and good quality white grain, which is mainly used to make porous tamales, Fabiola Orozco, originally from the western department of Quetzaltenango, told Efe.
The harvest occurs in October of each year, five months after its cultivation.
Corn and beans constitute the main food diet in Guatemala, where more than half of its 17 million inhabitants live in poverty.
In the sample there were also products made with plants such as Cura Mil Balsam that contains eucalyptus, used for rheumatism, dental pain and for relaxing massages, with a cost of 25 quetzals (3.37 dollars, almost 2.8 euros).
And the pericón was not lacking to cure diarrhea, stomach or menstrual pain and nerve problems, as well as moisturizing soaps made with carrot, cucumber and aloe.
Also included was the propolis made from various plants, which is used as an antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic or healing, while eucalyptus along with siguapate can cure colds and wisely bumps or sprains.
There was also no lack of honey produced by bees, chocolate and soft drinks.
Gabriel Ramírez, arrived from the western department of Sololá, emphasized that all the products are handcrafted.
By Oscar René Oliva