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The oleo-calcareous is a master formula with a long tradition in the Pharmacopoeia. Its origins date back to the Middle Ages, when it was used as a treatment for burns.
It is a calcium salt that is obtained by mixing an oil with calcium hydroxide or, what is the same, lime water.
The formula has slight variations depending on which form is consulted. Thus, according to the French Codex, it is made with sweet almond oil and lime water at 50% and according to the Spanish Pharmacopoeia IX edition with linseed oil (40%) and lime water (60%) (1)
You can also prepare it with olive oil given the extraordinary properties it has and how easy it is to find it in any supermarket.
In addition to the relief of burns, including those from the sun, oleo-calcareous liniment is widely used for the prevention and treatment of diaper rash. Its pH, slightly alkaline, neutralizes the acidity that is concentrated in that area and the Oil helps to form a protective layer on the skin.
To this end, the Argentine Society of Pediatrics recommends it for the daily cleaning of the baby instead of water and soap.(2)
But its benefits do not end there. The oleo-calcareous liniment is also effective for:
- Fight cradle cap
- Flaking, irritations, itching, ezcemas ...
- Prevention of pressure ulcers (bedsores) in bedridden people.
To prepare 300 grams of liniment you will need 150 grams of oil and 150 grams of lime water. You can also add a few drops of an essential oil depending on the application you are going to give it.
In this case, as it is a product designed for the skin of a baby, I have enriched the basic recipe a bit and I have only used Roman chamomile essential oil.
- 50 gr of olive oil
- 50 gr of calendula oleate in almond oil
- 25 gr of linseed oil
- 25 gr of chamomile oleate in sunflower oil
- 5 gr of beeswax or wax lanette O (cetostearyl alcohol) (*)
- 150 gr lime water
- a few drops of Roman chamomile essential oil
(*) Wax is not a fundamental ingredient in this recipe; it is added simply to stabilize the emulsion and not to shake before each use. If it is not easy to get it, do not put it.
Lime water preparation:
Lime water is an alkali that, in conjunction with vegetable oils, reacts to form a liniment. It is a transparent, colorless and odorless liquid, cleanser, antiseptic and fungicide. It is used in astringent lotion preparations, healing ointments, and for burns and ulcers. It is also used as a pH regulator in overly acidic preparations.
Hydrating quicklime produces aexothermic reaction that reaches high temperatures (about 90ºC) and is verycaustic. It is therefore important that you adopt the security measuresadequate. Protect yourself withglasses and gloves and works outdoors or in aventilated area.
Mix 1 liter of distilled water and 20gr of quicklime in a glass bottle. Shake well or stir with a rod and let it sit overnight so that the lime settles to the bottom. The next day, filter the water with a coffee filter, trying not to stir to prevent grounds from falling from the bottom.
Lime water can also be purchased, already prepared, in pharmacies.
Here is a video that explains how to make lime water:
Preparation of the recipe :
Weigh the ingredients.
Heat the oils with the wax (*) until it has completely melted. When they are well mixed add the previously heated lime water and mix well, beating constantly by hand or with an electric mixer. Let cool and pack.
(*) The lime water and oils must be at a temperature equal to or higher than the melting point of beeswax, about 65º-70º.
And here a video that explains how to make the liniment:
How to use liniment
At each diaper change, apply the liniment with a soft cotton or gauze until the skin is completely clean. Do not rinse.
It can be used in massage, whenever it is needed, in particular when the child has irritations. Massage until full penetration. Close the bottle well after each use
(1) Josep Farré Espar. Journal of phytotherapy 2005; 5 (2): 163
(2) Newborn care and diaper dermatitis. Argentine Association of Pediatrics.
With information from: