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Bergenia, plant and cultivation: how to cultivate bergenia, the care to be dedicated to the plant, diseases and reproduction by cuttings. Its meaning in the language of flowers.
It is a kind ofplantsperennials, belonging to the Sassifragaceae family. This genus is native to Central and Eastern Asia. Many species ofbergenia, as theBergenia cordataand the derived varieties are grown as ornamental plants to beautify the garden. Until recently, the Bergenia crassifolia species was also widely cultivated. For a few decades, these plants seem to have lost popularity and theirscultivationhas fallen into oblivion.
Bergenia, flowering and flower of St. Joseph
Therebergeniahis beginsfloweringin late winter. Flowering lasts all spring. Bergenia flowers are gathered in spike inflorescences.
The inflorescences of thebergeniathey are known asflower of saint joseph, because it usually blooms around March 19, Father's Day and the day dedicated toPutative father of Jesus, Saint Joseph.
Bergenia, meaning in the language of flowers
The symbolism is linked to the Catholic world. Bergenia is a symbol of trust, acceptance and unconditional love, especially in the pink or white color. In some pagan cultures, this plant is a symbol of loyalty and friendship.
For further information: language and meaning of flowers.
Bergenia, cultivation and care
Therebergeniait's aplantvery versatile, resistant and easyreproduction. It adapts to different types of terrain and any exposure.
The soil must be well drained and fertile. Therebergeniayou cancultivatein full sun, shade or partial shade. It cancultivatein the garden because it tolerates cold as well as summer heat, as long as it receives abundant irrigation.
Forcultivate bergeniait is necessary to keep the soil moist but always free of water stagnation. In winter, even in full bloom, avoid watering the plant when it rains. In winter, the soil is rarely dry, so limit yourself to watering only in case of prolonged drought.
Betweencareto dedicate to the plant there is no lack of fertilization. Starting from the end of winter, fertilize with fertilizer for flowering plants. Fertilization should be done every 15-20 days. It is true that it is a very resistant plant, in fact it can thrive even without fertilization, but the administration of fertilizer is recommended in order to ensure good flowering.
It is important to choose a specific fertilizer for flowering plants. Avoid administering universal fertilizers or organic fertilizers, otherwise you risk promoting the growth of new shoots and leaves, to the detriment of flowering. A good fertilizer for flowering plants, on Amazon, can be bought with € 15.40 and free shipping. For all information, please refer to"This Amazon page". At home, if you already have a liquid fertilizer for flowering plants, you can use it lightly!
To improve flowering, when the flowers are completely dry, it is advisable to remove the scape and clean the tufts by cutting the dead leaves at the base.
Reproduction by green cuttings is possible but not recommended because the fleshy stems do not easily emit roots. For thereproductionyou can take advantage of the division by tufts.
Starting from the month of March (period indicated for all of Italy), or in September (period indicated only for the South), it is possible to continue with the propagation of the plant with the method of division of the clumps. For each head, you just need to keep the roots more vigorous and plant it in another pot or in a different area of the garden.
Thisplantit is very resistant and only rarely suffers from diseases. In case of water stagnation and excessive humidity, the plant can suffer fungal attacks. In addition to the use of a copper-based antifungal, in this case, it is very useful to move the plant to the sun (in the case of growing in pots) or to air the tufts.
Bergenia in pot
How to grow bergenia in pots? The care to be devoted to the plant is identical. With pot cultivation you have the advantage of being able to move the plant. The plant, in summer, prefers shady locations while in winter, full sun helps to dry the soil and counteract any stagnation.
In case of cultivation in pots, on the balcony, be careful that the plant does not tolerate very strong winds. With temperatures below -5 ° C, move the pots to a shelter or cover the plant with non-woven fabric.