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Avocado: properties, cultivation and uses, from uses in the kitchen up to applications in the cosmetic field. Nutritional values and tips for growing avocado starting from the seed.
On this page we will give you all the information onavocado, both suinutritional valuesof the fruit, both oncosmetic propertiespulp and extracted oil. There will be instructions on thecultivation of the plant.
Its scientific name isAmerican Perseaand is popularly known asavocadooravocado tree. This plant belongs to the Lauraceae family and has been cultivated for over 7,000 years. The species grows well in a tropical climate but adapts well to the mild climate areas of the Mediterranean.
Thereavocado plantit can reach a height of about 20 meters but more commonly, when cultivated, it does not go beyond 12 meters.
How to grow avocado
L'avocadoit is an exotic fruit that is recently starting to be cultivated also in Italy, especially in the regions of the far south such as Calabria and Sicily.
Grow the avocadoit is not very difficult, especially if the purpose of cultivation is ornamental, much more complicated is to be able to collect fruit: it is almost superfluous to say, but since it is an arboreal species native to Mexico and Guatemala, it adapts in Italy only in particular climatic regions : L'avocado it adapts to tropical or sub-tropical climates and suffers temperatures below 4 ° C.
Who wants to try growing avocado starting from the seedand take care of it in the home, he can do it by using one of the fruits bought at the supermarket. All instructions are available in the guide:how to plant an avocado.
In their natural habitat, the plants of avocado they can live up to 200 years; they have crowns made up of numerous large and dark green leaves, while the trunk is covered with a light yellow-beige bark.
Avocado, properties and benefits of the fruit pulp
L'avocado it is indicated as a protective from the sun's rays, for this reason used in the formulation of sun creams or after sun creams. Avocado stands out for its multiple nutritional properties and more:avocado oil it is suitable for regenerating the skin and for the preparation of a large number of natural creams, even do-it-yourself.
L'avocadoit is a highly energetic fruit, large and well ripe fruits can bring up to 350-450 calories. Each 100 grams ofavocadocontains 180 calories and it is precisely by virtue of its lipid composition that theavocadoit can be considered a fruit with beneficial properties. The lipids present inavocadothey are monounsaturated with a high presence of oleic acid and related lipophilic molecules. For this reason, theavocadowould seem to be suitable for those suffering fromhypercholesterolemia:a study conducted byPennsylvania State University and published in the Journal of the American Heart Association, saw a clear reduction in bad cholesterol in patients who consumedavocado.
Since it is a fruit rich in potassium, it is recommended for use in patients suffering from hypertension. Among the other abundant micronutrients present inavocadowe point out magnesium, folic acid and a fair amount of vitamin E, a powerful antioxidant. In detail, let's see what thenutritional properties of avocado.
Avocado, nutritional values
Calories and nutritional values that follow refer to 100 grams of product. The source of the data is the USDA nutrient database.
Avocado nutritional values - macronutrients
- Carbohydrates: 8.53 g
of which 6.7 g of vegetable fibers and 0.66 g of sugars
- Fat: 14.66 g
- Protein: 2 g
Water: 73.23 g
Avocado calories:160 kcal - 670 kJ
Avocado nutritional values - micronutrients
- Vitamin A: 7 μg
- Vitamin B1: 62 μg
- Vitamin B2: 0.13 mg
- Vitamin B3: 1.74 mg
- Vitamin B5: 1.39 mg
- Vitamin B6: 0.26 mg
- Vitamin C: 10 mg
- Vitamin E: 2.07 mg
- Vitamin K: 21 μg
- calcium: 12 mg
- Iron: 0.55 mg
- Magnesium: 29 mg
- Manganese: 0.13 mg
- Phosphorus: 52 mg
- Potassium: 485 mg
- Sodium: 7 mg
- Zinc: 0.64 mg
Avocado oil, cosmetic properties on skin and hair
In the context of thenatural cosmetics, avocado oil is very popular. For home preparations such as masks and scrubs it is possible to mix the avocado pulp with oatmeal or jojoba oil, while for shock treatments, it is possible to use thepure avocado oil.
Avocado oil is used to moisturize the skin naturally (moisturizing body lotions), in aromatherapy, for hair treatments, to remove skin spots (age spots) and even to prepare soaps.
Naturallyavocado oil it can be used as a moisturizer for the body: just apply the oil to the skin of the body just after a shower or bath, it will help retain moisture and nourish the skin. Avocado oil can be found in specialized stores or on Amazon where a 100 ml bottle can be bought for 6.99 euros and free shipping. For all information on the product, I refer you to "this Amazon page".
In the kitchen, avocado is used to prepare a large number of courses: as a condiment for first courses, preparation of guacamole sauce, to fill sandwiches and croutons or to enrich salads. Among the various avocado-based recipes, we recommend the avocado sandwiches.
It may interest you: how to prepare guacamole sauce