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The Lemur of Madagascar it is an endemic species of this country and is not found elsewhere or in other areas of our world. On the other hand, it is a very well-known animal, which has become famous thanks to a popular animated feature film that sees it among the protagonists. But let's find out, beyond the film, what its real characteristics are. We are going to find out that he is really nice as they designed him for TV.
Scientifically speaking the lemurs said Lemuriformes, I'm infraorder of primates of the suborder of the Strepsirrhini
Lemur of Madagascar
Only and only on this wonderful island of Africa can the people live and multiply Lemurs and this is where we have to go to get to know them in person. It is not a recent thing, they have settled well there 50 million years ago deciding that Madagascar offered them a perfect habitat for their survival. They have never changed their minds and today we find not one but on the island many species of lemursome have unfortunately become extinct but others survive.
Between the existing and the disappeared, there are several and one of the most interesting aspects of this multiplicity lies in the fact that each species over the years, long ago now, has differentiated their diet to avoid competing with others. A truly intelligent gesture that animals, including humans, do not always do.
Curious, definitely, nice and at times even a little funny, this little animal that lives only in Madagascar it can belong to different varieties and depending on which one it belongs to, it has specific characteristics both morphological and in terms of different habits and diets. It is precisely thanks to this, and above all to the differentiation of the dietary regimes of each, that the various species, most of them, have survived over the years, even if all concentrated on a relatively small island. Today they exist, they coexist and coexist dozens and dozens of different species of lemurs, each in a different area of Madagascar.
We have intuited by now, also influenced by the Cartoon, that these little animals, these African primates, are nice characters, sociable and open to comparison with the environment and with those who live there. They also have a particular organization within their species where one reigns matriarchal logic, which is rare in the universe of primates.
This means that in their society, even in sparsely gregarious species, females occupy positions of dominance with respect to males. A sort of "woman power", we would say today in a slogan. Among the lemurs, the females have the priority, as regards the grooming, the choice of sites where to sleep or build a nest and, more importantly, it is the female lemurs who have access to a certain food source first, whatever it is and from whatever it comes from.
Before going on to get to know two of the most interesting species of lemur let us dwell on the term lemur to understand where it comes from and what it can be used for. It comes from the Latin word lemures, word that indicates the spirits of the night of the Roman mythology. This association does not surprise me because the reference is clear, we want to remember with the name the big eyes from thespirited aspect that the pet possesses. They are eyes suitable for the nightlife that most species lead, besides the haunted eyes, the lemur also emits sounds, "haunted".
Today we use the term "lemur" to define all the members of the four families currently living and of the three extinct families of lemuriformes, and not only the belonging to the genus Lemur.
The Catta it is also called Ring-tailed lemur and is one of the most common and known species, perhaps also because it is the one that can be best observed. If so far we have talked about nocturnal animals, here we must deny ourselves because i Catta love to live in the day and sleep at night, just like us. With their ring tail they choose lees as their habitat dry forests of southern and western Madagascar, do not occupy other areas of the island. Unlike the other species, they have a diet based on fruit, flowers, leaves, occasionally they also eat bark which they are very greedy of. In addition to the black and white ringed tail, they are also characterized by the eyes, large and perfectly round.
We pass from a common species to a species that struggles to resist extinction. The Lemur Aye-Aye it is in fact an animal at risk, perhaps also because in Madagascar it is considered an animal by the local population brings bad luck. You even get to kill him if you believe this legend. It constantly lives in trees and digs out its prey by gnawing on the bark. Its features are stranger than ever, it doesn't look much like the Catta we just saw, it has a ferret's face, a cat's body, a bat's ears and a rodent's teeth.
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